Nissan Maxima QX
since 1993 of release
Repair and car operation
Nissan Maxima QX
+ Nissan Maxima brand Cars
- Maintenance instruction
Elements of systems of safety of the car
Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
антиквариат каталоги, land.
Elements of systems of safety of the carGeneral information
Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of a road accident. The seat belts established on all seats of the car, and the other devices which are effectively supplementing belts here enter.
Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from the owner of a vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located belongs to their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision; a safety steering column developing at blow; and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.
The fastened and correctly adjusted seat belts protect the driver and passengers from possible traumas in case of road accidents or considerably reduce their weight. The Nissan firm convincingly recommends to drivers and passengers always to be fastened by seat belts before a start of motion even if the place of the sitting is supplied with an inflatable safety cushion. In some countries and regions to fasten seat belts during movement is strictly obligatory.
Seat belts are designed so that evenly to distribute load of a body of the person. The lumbar section of a belt should cover top of hips sitting, humeral is thrown through a breast and a shoulder. The wrong pristegivaniye of belts considerably increases risk of receiving heavy traumas in road incidents.
At all it is not authorized to modify or change a design of seat belts as it can create hindrances to functioning of the mechanism of adjustment of sagging of a belt.
Seat belts for ensuring efficiency of their protective function should be adjusted taking into account comfort, but whenever possible hardly. The weakened belt considerably reduces efficiency of protection of the sitting.
It is necessary to avoid hit on a cloth of belts of polishing substances, oil, chemicals and especially storage acid. To clean belts it is possible soft soap solution. In case of wear, strong pollution or cloth damage it is necessary to replace belts.
It is urgently recommended to replace all set of the seat belts which have tested strong shock influence in a road accident even if belts were not damaged explicitly.
Watch that seat belts were not overwound.
The set of seat belts of one seat should be used by only one person. It is not allowed to fasten a belt of the child sitting on a lap of the passenger.
Use of seat belts during movement is strictly obligatory both for the driver, and for all passengers. In transit children of chest and younger age use special children's seats.
After car collision as a result of road incident even if force of blow was insignificant, all sets of belts, including inertial drums and fixing designs, should pass technical inspection on HUNDRED Nissans. The Nissan firm recommends to replace all sets of the belts which have tested shock loading at collision of the car if only collision was not rather weak, there are no traces of damages and belts continue to function regularly. The sets of seat belts established in the car, but not used at the moment of collision, it is also necessary to check and replace in case of detection of damages or malfunction.
After operation the device of a tension of belts is not subject to a reuse. It is necessary to replace it together with an inertial drum, - address on firm car repair shop.
The car is equipped with five seats and five sets of seat belts - two on forward seats and three on back seats. All people who were in the car during movement should be fastened by seat belts.
The humeral section of a belt should pass over a shoulder and a thorax. It is not allowed to pass it near at hand. The wrong pristegivaniye of belts considerably increases risk of receiving heavy traumas in road incidents.
At all do not pass lumbar section of a belt over a waist!
Children of advanced age should be fastened by standard seat belts. According to the statistics data of road incidents, it is safer to children to sit on a back seat, than on the forward. If the humeral belt passes too close to the person or a neck of the child, it is recommended to use a special additional seat which can be got separately. It is intended for a raising of the child so that the humeral belt laid down exactly on the shoulder middle, and zone — on hips. The additional seat should be compatible to the established seat. If after the lapse of time it appears that the humeral belt any more does not pass close from the face and necks of the child when he sits on the main seat, it is necessary to refuse an additional seat. It is not allowed to allow to stand on the feet to children or on a lap, or to be in a cargo compartment during car movement.
Pregnant women also should use seat belts. You can receive special recommendations at the attending physician. The zone belt is necessary for fastening so that it did not disturb and was as it is possible below on hips.
In transit injured passengers it is necessary to lay a seat belt taking into account nature of damage. Consult at the attending physician.
Maintenance of seat belts
For cleaning of a cloth of belts use a brush and soft soap solution or any solution recommended for cleaning of an upholstery and carpets. After cleaning wipe belts a rag and let's dry in a shadow. Do not allow taking-up of belts before their complete drying.
Periodically examine a cloth of belts and metal details: buckles, uvula, inertial coil, flexible conducting and fixing bolts. At detection of attritions, deformations, cuts and other damages of a cloth it is necessary to replace all set of belts.
Instructions for use three-anchor seat belt of inertial type
1. Adjust the provision of a seat. The back of a seat should not be inclined more, than it is necessary for ensuring comfort sitting. Seat belts work most effectively when the back of the sitting is located vertically and densely pressed to a seat back. It is necessary to avoid an excessive inclination of a back as in this case there is a danger of a proskalzyvaniye of a belt sitting under lumbar section in case of a road accident.
2. Slowly extend a belt from a casing of the returnable mechanism, throw its sections through pelvic and chest departments of a trunk and latch a bracket uvula in the buckle lock. The design of the returnable device stops an inertial drum at the overloads arising during sharp braking or collision. At the same time, at a slow pulling the drum rotates without hindrances and the belt does not constrain freedom of moving sitting.
To unbutton a belt, press the button on a buckle. After a lock otpuskaniye the belt is automatically taken up on a drum of the returnable device.
Check of serviceability of functioning and adjustment of seat belts
1. The design of the returnable device provides belt blocking in two cases:
a) When the belt is quickly taken up from a drum;
b) When there is a sharp braking of the car.
2. Grasp humeral section of a belt and sharply pull, - there should be a blocking of the returnable device, otherwise it is necessary to address on car repair shop.
Instructions for use two-anchor seat belt of a back seat
1. For an otpuskaniye of the lock of a belt press the button on a buckle.
2. In order to avoid a jamming in the doorway, a belt to clasp even then when it are not used.
3. At a zashchelkivaniye of a belt be attentive, - the buckle of a two-anchor belt is marked with "CENTRE" inscription, the uvula of a bracket approaches only to this buckle.
System of additional safety (SRS)
Into number of devices and the components forming system of additional safety (SRS) enter:
a) Two forward safety cushions. The module of a driver's safety cushion is placed in a nave of a steering wheel. The safety cushion of the forward passenger is placed in a special cavity in the right part of the dashboard of the car. The locations of both pillows are marked with precautionary inscriptions of "SRS/AIRBAG";
b) The sensors of the directed overloads working at strong front/lateral blow;
c) Electronic system of self-diagnostics which at the included ignition provides continuous testing of sensors of overloads, the control unit, gas generators of pillows and connecting electroconducting of the corresponding chains;
d) Devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts of forward seats (see above);
e) A control lamp of refusals SRS which has been built in in the dashboard;
f) The spare independent power supply intended for duplication of the main power supply system in case of its exit out of operation at collision.
Safety cushions of the driver and passenger
1. The standard complete set of some models includes system of additional safety of SRS which is better known as safety cushions, intended for protection of the driver and the forward passenger against heading or a breast about steering the wheel/dashboard in case of strong front blow.
2. Also lateral safety cushions providing protection of the driver and the forward passenger at lateral blows can enter into an additional complete set.
3. The owner of the car equipped with SRS system, is obliged to know the most important data on a design and a principle of action of elements of system:
a) Existence of safety cushions cannot excuse negligence to application of seat belts at all. SRS should be used only together with belts and other means of passive safety;
b) Forward safety cushions do not provide protection in case of lateral blow, and also at blow behind. Besides, operation of modules occurs only at the directed blows of high intensity, i.e. the system does not provide protection at weak head-on collisions;
c) Lateral safety cushions do not provide protection in case of a head-on collision and blow behind, besides, they work also only at excess by energy of lateral blow of some threshold of intensity that not always takes place at a car perevorachivaniye;
d) Operation of a safety cushion can put a trauma.
4. Effectively to execute the protective function, the safety cushion should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety cushion, protecting the driver / the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the travmirovaniye reason, and sometimes and serious mutilations up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger were not properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary situation on seats.
5. To reduce probability of a travmirovaniye a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened always by seat belts and to settle down on a seat on the greatest possible removal from the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard.
Principle of functioning of forward safety cushions
Sensors of the directed overloads react to excess of some limiting value which the overload can reach at a strong head-on collision. On a signal of sensors the control unit includes gas generators of safety cushions, causing their instant filling.
During collision the seat belt holds from shift the lower part of a trunk sitting. Forward safety cushions help to prevent a travmirovaniye of the driver and the forward passenger as a result of blow their head and a thorax about steering the wheel/dashboard.
As signals on operation of both safety cushions arrive from the same sensors, their initiation occurs at the same time. However the probability of initiation only is not excluded by one of pillows. Such becomes possible when the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of a range of operation of gas generators. In this case seat belts provide rather reliable protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a pillow will be minimum.
Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all governing bodies the car.
Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before production of gas from pillows occupies with sensors of overloads fractions of a second. Operation of pillows occurs so quickly that the human ear simply is not capable to apprehend cotton of gas generators.
After a road accident at which there was an operation of modules of safety, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a suspension of a tonkodispersny powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with a disease of respiratory organs can feel a certain discomfort from the products containing in air allocated by gas generators of pillows.
Lateral safety cushions
On some models as an additional complete set lateral safety cushions of the driver and the forward passenger can be established. Modules of pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked with "SIDE AIRBAG" inscriptions. The control lamp of SRS on an instrument guard of the car works also at detection of malfunctions in chains of initiation of lateral pillows.
At strong lateral blow sensors of the directed overloads fix excess by arising loadings of some threshold value and give out information signal on the control unit which develops command for operations of a gas generator of the corresponding lateral safety cushion. Thus if the blow has from a passenger seat, the passenger lateral pillow will work even in the absence of the passenger.
For ensuring the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided by safety cushions, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should occupy vertical situation and to be fastened by seat belts.
Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts
On some models for the purpose of ensuring additional protection of the driver/passenger forward seat belts are supplied with devices which at operation provide an automatic tension of belts that helps to exclude possibility of dangerous movings of the driver and the passenger in case of a road accident.
Operation of automatic emergency natyazhitel occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward safety cushions is at the same time made.
At device operation the seat belt remains in the tense situation until the bracket of its buckle will not be taken out from the lock of the last.
Operation of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices of automatic emergency natyazhitel of belts.
Order of functioning of a control lamp of refusals of SRS
3. At any operation of a control lamp during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to specialists of car repair shop of the Nissan company. The following belongs to number of such situations:
a) The control lamp does not join at ignition key turn in situation (ON);
b) The control lamp continues to burn after implementation of start of the engine;
c) The control lamp joins and burns in a constant or flashing mode during car movement.
In the presence of listed above signs the additional system of safety can refuse an emergency. Attention: Negligence to signals of a control lamp of SRS can lead to the most serious consequences at refusal of safety cushions during a road accident.
Maintenance of the elements SRS
Safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not need regular checks and maintenance. However the owner of the vehicle equipped as appropriate should mean the next moments:
a) After operation of safety cushions they are subject to obligatory replacement together with the system control unit. Do not try to dismantle fulfilled pillows independently. These operations should be carried out only in the conditions of a car-care center workshop;
b) If operation of a control lamp of SRS indicates refusal existence in system, it is necessary to address immediately on the closest car repair shop of the Nissan company where complete diagnostics and necessary regenerative repair of system will be made. Otherwise safety cushions can not work at a road accident and not execute the protective function;
c) Specially trained personnel is allowed to works with knots of additional system of safety only. It is forbidden to dismantle independently from the car of a safety cushion and emergency natyazhitel of seat belts. In default SRS or after emergency operation of safety cushions and natyazhitel of seat belts is necessary to address on Nissan company car repair shop for carrying out repair or replacement of knots of system;
d) Do not open modules and do not change electroconducting of systems of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, - such intervention can lead to involuntary operation of pillows and natyazhitel and be at the bottom of a travmirovaniye of the performer or the people who were nearby;
e) Do not make replacement of forward seats without receiving preliminary consultation at Nissan company car repair shop. Inaccurate or incorrect performance of replacement or removal of covers can lead to refusal of operation of lateral safety cushions in case of a road accident.
Provision of seats and their backs
The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.
Adjustment of provision of a seat also influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, too close provision of a seat to the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard increases risk of a travmirovaniye at safety cushion operation, and also risk of ejection sitting through a windshield.
The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen body fixing by a seat belt, - the more the back is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body under zone section of a seat belt is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard.
Fix the provision of a forward seat in the most remote from the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard situation, a back bring into vertical situation.
Head restraints prevent a travmirovaniye of cervical department of a backbone and the head at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of an ear sitting.
Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers
Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who were in the car.
After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.
The car is equipped with a special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car.
The driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of a travmirovaniye, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at safety cushion operation, in case of a road accident.
In order to avoid risk of a travmirovaniye, properly fasten a seat belt, bring a seat back into vertical situation and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in the situation most remote from a steering wheel. Thus, certainly, the driver should provide to itself the good review and possibility of a convenient manipulation with all governing bodies the car. Be convinced that the seat of the forward passenger also is most removed from the dashboard. Attention: Too close provision of seats of the driver and the forward passenger to the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard in case of a road accident can lead to receiving serious traumas or even to a deadly outcome.
Try to have always forward seats on the maximum removal from modules of safety cushions.
The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However, if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, originators of the real Management recommend to you to pay attention to some types of auxiliaries, - at firm car repair shops of the Nissan company always it is possible to receive exhaustive information on the matter.
Adjust on height the provision of a steering wheel. Having convinced of correctness of provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing. Instructions on adjustment of provision of forward seats are provided in Section 3.
Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having brought it into the most convenient for your constitution, most approached to vertical situation, having left thus sufficient space between a thorax and a nave of a steering wheel in which the safety cushion is built in. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / the forward passenger to the dashboard considerably increases risk of receiving traumas at operation of safety cushions.
Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of protective functions of a belt. The more the back of a seat is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body sitting under lumbar section is higher at strong front blow of the car, and the can be traumatized more hard.
Landing to a seat
After the driver and all passengers took the places in car salon, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they should give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a back of a seat and having firmly put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine switching off.
Violation of correctness of landing during movement increases risk of receiving a trauma as a result of a road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of receiving by them serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.
Besides, the forward passengers occupying the wrong situation on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.
If on the car equipped with lateral safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in an area of coverage of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.
Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.
Danger of poisoning with carbon monooxide (WITH)
The composition of the fulfilled gases of the engine includes extremely toxic monooxide of carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try to check a technical condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in the following cases:
a) At the next replacement of engine oil when the car is established on the lift;
b) At change of character of the noise published by final system appreciable aurally;
c) After failure in which the details located under the bottom of the car could be damaged.
At movement with an open cover of a luggage compartment the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If cover closing for any reason is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include ventilation and air conditioning system
At stay in the car with the engine working at single turns (even on the open area), make the following inclusions:
a) Include system of ventilation of salon in a mode of inflow of fresh air;
b) Turn on the heater fan for the maximum speed;
c) A regulator establish comfortable level of air temperature.