Nissan Maxima QX

since 1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Nissan Maxima QX
+ Nissan Maxima brand Cars
+ Maintenance instruction
- Settings and routine maintenance
   Schedule of routine maintenance of Nissan Maxima cars
   General information
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Check of level of ATF of automatic transmission
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check, service and charging of the storage battery
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of a driving belt
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of brake system
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of the RKPP transmission oil
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a condition and replacement of VV of candle wires, covers and distributor begunka
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Service of system of cooling (oporozhneniye, washing and filling)
   Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
   RKPP transmission oil replacement
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Check of a condition of the EGR valve
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check of levels of liquids

Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, heating and air conditioning, braking, washing of glasses etc. In view of that all liquids are subject eventually to a razzhizheniye and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their complete replacement periodically. Before starting correction of level or replacement, familiarize with the list recommended for use in the car of grades of liquids.

At check of levels of liquids the car should be parked on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering.


Impellent oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom the pallet of its case. On all models measuring щуп it is located in a forward part of the power unit.

2. Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in the present day, or not less than 5 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine switching off, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the part of oil will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.

3. Take measuring щуп from a directing tube and dry wipe its edge pure rags or a paper towel. Insert щуп back into a tube against the stop, then again take. Having examined an edge щупа, estimate size of the site moistened with oil. Level of oil should be between the top and bottom marks in an edge щупа. In case of need add in the engine the corresponding amount of oil of a demanded grade.

4. For level lifting from bottom (MIN) of a mark on щупе to top (MOVE) is required about one liter of oil. Level lowering out of limits of the bottom border of an admissible range conducts to development of oil starvation of the engine and the last fraught with serious mechanical damages. Try not to pour also oil above the top mark as it can lead to a pelting of spark plugs or failure of epiploons of the power unit as a result of excessive increase of pressure.

5. To fill in oil in the engine it is necessary to remove the cover of a jellied mouth equipped with a carving. In order to avoid an oil razbryzgivaniye during its filling in the engine use a funnel, or a butterdish with a long nouse. Having filled in oil, screw and strongly tighten a cover of a jellied mouth, then start the engine and attentively examine on existence of signs of leaks a drain stopper and a surface of the oil filter interfaced to the block. Muffle the engine, wait about 5 minutes during which oil will merge in the pallet, then once again check its level.

6. Check of level of engine oil is important preventive procedure of service of the engine. Continuous decrease in level testifies to existence of leakages of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ok) or the block. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, - in case of presence at it small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see. Section Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter).


Cooling liquid of the engine

Do not allow antifreeze hit on open sites of a body and the painted surfaces of the car. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze being stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities,-.во many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. At all do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth!

Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze are developed, nevertheless, they also should to be utilized in the organized order.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. All models of cars described in the real Management are equipped with system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a perelivny hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At an engine overheat cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose back to a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.

Do not uncover at all a jellied mouth of a radiator at the hot engine!

2. Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be between marks of LOW and FULL in translucent walls of a tank. It is necessary to remember that level of liquid depends on its temperature therefore it should be in a cold condition only slightly above the bottom mark, and after engine warming up - to rise to FULL mark. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank through a mouth demanded quantity of a fresh mix.

For correction of level of liquid use only demanded structure a mix этиленгликоля and the distilled water (about 50/50). Remember that frequent application for this purpose leads idle time of water to a gradual razzhizheniye of antifreeze and an utrachivaniye a mix of the of frost resistance and anticorrosive properties. It is not necessary to abuse also various type additives and additives.

3. Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check on existence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain jams and the case water the pump (see. Section Check of a condition of components of system of cooling). If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care center workshop.

Do not uncover at all a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine!

4. In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait complete cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly unscrew a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is a steam emission, let's to the engine cool down a little more, after it finally uncover.
5. Besides level always check also a condition of cooling liquid, - it should be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the system of cooling should be emptied, washed out and filled with a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see. Undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance of Nissan Maxima cars).
6. Try not to allow antifreeze hits on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water.


Liquid for windscreen washing

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Liquid for washing of a windscreen is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in the right part of an impellent compartment of the car, in the neighbourhood with a broad tank of system of cooling.
2. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe climatic conditions it is necessary to fill in only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid in the tank.

Rules of configuration of a mix are usually printed on the label pasted on container. At all do not apply to addition in liquid of washing of glasses used in cooling system antifreeze, - the last is aggressive in relation to a paint and varnish covering of body panels!

3. In order to avoid a glass obmerzaniye when washing in cold weather previously warm up it a way обдува passed via the heater heat exchanger air.


Electrolit of the storage battery

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Cars considered in the real Management are completed with the battery of tight type not needing service in which case only ventilating openings are provided. If in use a vehicle the battery for any reason was replaced on usual (served), it is necessary to check from time to time electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied jams. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For correction of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.


Hydraulic liquid of brake system and coupling drive

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The main brake cylinder (GTTs) is located in the left top corner of an impellent compartment of the car and fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes. The hydraulic cylinder of coupling is used on models from RKPP and fastens in the neighbourhood from GTTs directly on a back partition of an impellent compartment.
2. Liquid level in the tank is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and should be supported between marks of MIN and the MOVE. Pay attention that the hydraulic path of a drive of coupling has a tight design and, in usual conditions, correction of level of liquid does not need (see. Head Coupling and power shafts).

3. In case of need corrections of level of liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of dirt.
4. At a liquid flood in the tank watch that it was not sprayed on the surrounding painted surfaces of body elements. Add in each of systems only liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements (see. Specifications at the beginning of this Chapter), - mixing of two liquids of a various grade by no means is inadmissible and can lead to refusal of the relevant system!

 Brake liquid is extremely chemically aggressive, - do not allow hit it in eyes and on the painted surfaces of body panels! Do not use for addition in system the hydraulic liquid which has staid of more than one year, or stored in leaky closed container. Remember that brake liquid is very hygroscopic, i.e. possesses ability to absorb moisture from air therefore efficiency of functioning of brake system can dangerously decrease!

5. At a stage of correction of level it is necessary to check also attentively a condition of liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of identification of mud deposits, firm extraneous particles or water drops the system should be emptied and filled with fresh hydraulic liquid (see. Head Brake system).
6. After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.
7. Remember that level of hydraulic liquid in the GTTs tank in process of operation of frictional overlays of brake shoes gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If liquid has to be added too often, therefore, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated, - attentively examine all brake lines and their shtutserny connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (Check of brake system for more details see in the Section).
8. If during check of level of liquid in GTTs that fact is elicited that its tank is almost devastated, the brake system should be pumped completely over (see. Head Brake system).